Nessebar as one of the oldest cities in Bulgaria, attracting travelers from all around the world by its magnificence and romance. The historical roots of the city are reaching to the times of antiquity when in the Bronze age the tribe of Thracians founded their settlement at the territory of today’s Nessebar.
How To Get To Nessebar?
Of course that depends on where you are coming from. If you are traveling from another country, the best thing you can do is to take a plane to a city located only 18 km from Nessebar, Burgas. It is a small airport but in the summer very busy as everyone is coming for vacation at the seaside. There is also a lowcost air company Wizzair providing flights to Burgas from London Luton (UK), Warsaw and Katowice (Poland) and from Budapest (Hungary). Right behind the airport gate, you can take a bus directly to Nessebar for only 6 BGN (Bulgarian lev) which means 3 Euros.
If you already are in Bulgaria and want to visit Nessebar, then the fastest and the most comfortable way to travel there is hitchhiking. Bulgarians with their Balkan nature are very outgoing and curious and to take hitchhikers is a small adventure for them. In case you are not exactly an adventurous type of person, there is still the option of a bus or railway transport. The long-distance buses in Bulgaria are roughly twice more expensive than the trains but will get you to your destination twice faster. On the other hand, if you want to travel in the night then the train is recommended. Considering that the Bulgarian railway’s system is not very developed yet, it is not a very pleasant to travel by train on a hot summer day — you can enjoy a gorgeous view on the way through the stunning Balkan landscape though.
I already indicated, the city abounds with a very rich history which is one of the reasons why it also got on a list of world cultural heritage of UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization). It is perhaps the biggest example of the ancient architecture at the Black sea coast. Nessebar is being called «the wooden city» for a reason — all the houses and buildings are made of wood with stone foundations.
The history lovers will appreciate experienced tour guides offering their services in several languages, I personally prefer night walks through nearly empty city and getting lost in secluded places and alleys Nessebar brims over with. On this kind of walks a person can feel how the history is breathing on him/her from every single brick, how the mystery is hiding behind every corner and how dinky he/she is comparing to all these old monumental constructions, which has been there for centuries. This atmosphere is even more underlined by the local grannies, sitting on their stools, knitting or crocheting and selling their ware or their homemde fig jam, about which, by the way, they say it is a natural aphrodisiac. The historical center of Nessebar is pretty small, yet it is a crazy labyrinth and it is very easy to get lost in there — but I assure you on each of these wanderings you will discover something new and beautiful.
Right after you get in the city you will see an iron model of the city with marked historical points, which can help you to orient. If you continue down the street, soon you will reach one of the beautiful churches Nessebar is full of — the church of Christ Pantokrator from the 19th century. Christ Pan. church Right in front of the church, you can visit a film museum — they have several props inside from different movies (among others also a Tardis).
A little further is the St. Sofia church, which is the oldest one in Nessebar, from 6th century. There are 13 churches still preserved in the city so I will not get into details here about every single one — there are placards with very detailed informations next to each of the monuments.
Two of the churches work now as museums, there is also an archaeological museum and a museum of etnography church
If you are looking for a sandy beach, go to new Nessebar — there is a route heading there from the old city and it is not very far. In the beginning, the beach is overcrowded and loud, but the further you go, the less people you meet and in the almost end of the beach is very nice and calm. There is also a nudist beach in the end.
If you don’t want to walk too much and a small shelly beach is enough for you, you can find one in the old Nessebar. The beach is most of the time almost empty and very peaceful.